Data validation testing for ETL Integration

Data Validation Testing: Why It is Important for ETL

Industry research suggests that only 1 in 10 organizations view their data to be reliable. Data-related problems result in an average loss of roughly $5 million annually. In fact, it is estimated that about 20% of these companies experience losses in excess of $20 million annually. That’s because most businesses validate far less than 10% of their data, which means at least 90% of their data is untested. As bad data is possibly present in all databases, enhancing testing coverage is essential.

Data validation testing is a process that allows you to check whether the given data is correct and complete. It helps verify whether the value of a data item comes from the given (finite or infinite) set of acceptable values. For instance, a geographic code (field), such as a US State, may be checked against a table of acceptable values for the field.

When it comes to data validation in Excel, you can restrict the type of data or the values that users enter into a cell, such as by creating a drop-down list. Likewise, for data integration in Google Sheets, you can follow the similar technique. You can also create a data validation formula in Excel. However, manually validating data can be time-consuming and susceptible to human errors.

Automate Data Validation in Astera Centerprise | Astera

Automated data validation with ETL Software. Source: Astera

Issues with Data Validation Testing 

Data is usually extracted from various sources, including Excel spreadsheets, CSV and XML files, as well as flat files and columns and rows from several

database vendors’ software. So, source data is likely to have the following data validation restrictions:

  • Missing values – Data may have null or blank values.
  • Duplicates – Some of the data entries may be replicated as data is collected from multiple channels in several stages.
  • Format Issue – Data from multiple sources may have different formats.
  • Misspelling – Data may have incorrect spellings.
  • Cluttered Data – Cluttered data can make it difficult for people to search for their required records.
  • Dependent values – The value of a field may depend on another field. For example, product data depends on the info related to suppliers. So, errors in supplier data will reflect in product data as well.
  • Invalid data – If the data has known values, like ‘M’ for male and ‘F’ for female, then changing these values can make data invalid.

Data Validation Testing Techniques to Improve Your Business Processes

Here are the top 6 data validation techniques to improve your business processes.

1. Source system loopback verification

Carry out aggregate-based verification of your subject area and make sure it matches the data source. 

2. Ongoing source-to-source verification

You can have an approximate verification across multiple source systems or compare similar information at different stages of your business life cycle. This can be performed using code, such as SQL, to compare two data sources by joining the data together and looking for differences.

3. Data-Issue tracking

You can track all of your issues such as redundancy, incorrect data, duplication, incomplete info etc in one place via an automated data tracking tool to find recurring issues, reveal riskier subject areas, and help ensure proper preventive measures have been applied. 

4. Data certification

You can use data profiling tools to perform up-front data validation before you add it to your data warehouse. It can increase time to integrate new data sources into your data warehouse, but the long-term benefits greatly improve the value of the data warehouse and trust in your information.

Figure 2: Data Quality Series – Data Profiling with EDQ

Example of data types profiling in EDQ (Source: ClearPeaks)

5. Statistics collection

You can maintain statistics for the full life cycle of your data to create alarms for unexpected results. You can have an in-house statistics collection process or rely upon metadata captured with your transformation program to ensure you can set alarms based upon trending. For example, if your loads are usually a particular size and suddenly the volume reduces in half, this should trigger an alert.

6. Workflow management

Think about data quality while you design your data integration flows and overall workflows to catch issues quickly and efficiently. For example, you can use a workflow automation tool to build strong stop and restart processes into your workflow so that any issue in the loading process can trigger a restart.

workflow software example

Source: Integrify

Benefits of Data Validation Testing

Wondering why you should validate your data? These are a few benefits data validation testing has in store for you:

Data quality compliance

Data validation testing helps you ensure that the data collected from different sources meets your data quality requirements. You can identify quality issues and determine actionable steps to improve data quality.

Enhanced data governance

Data validation testing ensures that the data collected is accurate, complete, and healthy. By placing validation filters at strategic places from the data acquisition point to its delivery into the data warehouse, you can flag any inconsistencies or otherwise unexpected data values.

Faster decision making

You can make better decisions faster, and instead of spending hours trying to find golden nuggets, you can use your reliable data to quickly find business opportunities.

Improved forecasts

Businesses can use validated data for demand planning and business forecasting. For instance, you can improve the forecasting accuracy by building and validating demand prediction models.

Automate Data Validation with Astera

Astera Centerprise is a powerful data integrationtool that supports data validation via built-in data profiling, quality, and cleanse transformations. Using its out-of-the-box connectors in a graphical UI, you can integrate, transform, and validate data from 40+ sources. You can easily automate data validation tasks, freeing your employees from the repetitive and manual effort of identifying and fixing incorrect records, and standardizing data to make it useful.

Wrap Up

In the modern data-driven enterprise world, automating data validation testing can considerably save time and streamline your business operations. Using a data validation tool allows you to validate data as a part of your workflow. Plus, data updates can be made conditional, based on the success of validation tests to guarantee the reliability of your business information.

Sharjeel Ashraf

Sharjeel loves to write about all things data integration, data management and ETL processes. In his free time, he is on the road or working on some cool project.

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